Sam Houston Hallway

sam houstonThe original Sam Houston Middle School opened in September 1964 to serve students in grades 7-8 and was originally named Marshall Junior High School. The facility was constructed out of funds made available in a $4.6 million bond issue in 1962.

The school's namesake, Sam Houston Elementary, had opened on East Houston Street as East End School on September 25, 1905. It was renamed after the legendary Texas hero in the early 1920s. It was a high school only until the 1906-07 school year, during which grades 9-12 were moved temporarily to the Masonic Institute. On September 23, 1907, East End opened to students in grades 1-8. An auditorium was added in 1925, the inside was improved in 1939-40, the auditorium was converted to a cafetorium in 1951 and the building was re-roofed in 1954.

Growth in population on Marshall’s east side in the 1950s made it necessary to add another school to that part of town. David Crockett Elementary opened in 1954 to help ease the overcrowding at Sam Houston. When MISD reorganized in 1981 under court order, the eighth-grade campus became one of two new middle schools for fifth and sixth graders. The old Sam Houston Elementary School closed that year, and the newly organized middle school assumed the name.

On October 12, 1981, the MISD Board of Trustees accepted a bid for the vacant building. In 1997, MISD once again gained ownership of the school in court settlement, however; but on April 5, 2004, the building returned to private ownership.

Since 1981, Sam Houston Middle School has served students in grades 5-6 along with the district's other middle school, Price T. Young. The site of Price T. Young was used for construction of a new elementary school, Price T. Young Elementary, in the Legacy 2017 building program. The old middle school building was demolished upon completion of that project. The Sam Houston Middle School facility was renovated to serve as a new Sam Houston Elementary.

sam houstonSam Houston
Sam Houston was an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico in one of the shortest decisive battles in modern history. He was also the only governor within a future Confederate state to oppose secession (which led to the outbreak of the American Civil War) and to refuse an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, a decision that led to his removal from office by the Texas secession convention.

Houston was born at Timber Ridge Plantation in Rockbridge County, Virginia. He was of Scots-Irish descent. After moving to Tennessee, he spent time with the Cherokee Nation, into which he later was adopted as a citizen and into which he married. He performed military service during the War of 1812 and successfully participated in Tennessee politics. In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee as a Jacksonian. In 1829, he resigned as governor and relocated to the Arkansas Territory.

In 1832, Houston was involved in an altercation with a U.S. Congressman, followed by a high-profile trial. Shortly afterwards, he moved west to Coahuila y Tejas, then a Mexican state, and became a leader of the Texas Revolution. After the war, Houston became a key figure in Texas and was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas.

He supported annexation by the United States and he became a U.S. Senator upon achieving it in 1845, and finally a governor of the State of Texas in 1859, whereby Houston became the only person to have become the governor of two different U.S. states through popular election, as well as the only state governor to have been a foreign head of state.

As governor, he refused to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 with the outbreak of the American Civil War, and he was removed from office. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the war on July 26, 1863.

Houston's name has been honored in numerous ways. He is the namesake of the city of Houston, Texas's most populous city and the fourth most populous city in the U.S. Other things named for Sam Houston include a memorial museum, the USS Sam Houston (SSBN-609) naval vessel, Fort Sam Houston, a national forest, a historical park, a university, and a prominent roadside statue outside of Huntsville.

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